The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, or ACOG, says the evidence is strong that "the pill" is safe, and should not require a prescription.
Half of all pregnancies in the United States are unplanned - a statistic that hasn't changed in 20 years - and some of this is due to lack of access to contraception as well as cost.
Making "the pill" available without a prescription may make it easier for women to take it on a routine basis and potentially reduce unintended pregnancies.
There are concerns, however, that the price will go up if the medication is sold over-the-counter. It is also unclear what role insurance companies will play in picking up the costs.
Some argue that women will also be less likely to get routine screenings and preventive care if they no longer need a doctor's prescription.
Other scientists say studies have not shown this to be the case.
The pill is not recommended for certain women including smokers over the age of 35, or those with a history of blood clots.
At this time, there are no reports that manufacturers are making plans to take "the pill" over-the -counter, but ACOG hopes their recommendation will motivate companies to take the next step.